Learning to Play with Other Children as a Child Who is Blind or Low Vision

Play is one of the ways that young children learn about their world and, at the same time, begin to develop their social and language skills. There are a number of things you can do to help your child learn to interact with other children by walking through the steps of a social situation.

The First Year

Children as young as a year old begin to be interested in other children. Although they don’t usually play with one another, they may play near and watch each other. You won’t see them taking turns with a toy or imitating each other at this stage. They’re more focused on learning about their world and are very much caught up in themselves.

Even if your baby isn’t ready to play with other children yet, you can help your child prepare for that next step. When there are children about their age nearby, watch how they play. Since your baby may not be able to observe this, they will need you to show them what you’re seeing—how to use a toy, play peek-a-boo, or do a simple game of taking turns banging blocks together. When you show your baby how to play with a toy, it’s a good idea to sit behind them and use either the hand-under-hand.

Three small children sitting on the floor playing with brightly colored balls

Playing with Other Toddlers

All toddlers have a lot to learn when it comes to playing with other children their age. Sharing toys and taking turns in a game aren’t instinctive. Children need to learn these skills, and your toddler will probably need your help to understand and practice those behaviors. Start with one activity, such as sharing a toy. You can model the behavior when the two of you are together by asking to take a turn playing with one of the toys then offering a turn with the toy after you’ve played with it for a minute or two. When you are with another toddler, remind your child to share the toys with the other child. But don’t be surprised if your child’s playmate is reluctant to return the favor and needs to be encouraged to continue sharing back and forth.

Parallel Play

You can use the same approach to help your toddler learn to play the way other children do—again working one-on-one at first to provide practice. Ideally, have two of the same or a similar toy, one for each of you. Follow your child’s lead as they plays with the toy—a truck, for example. Then encourage them to do what you’re doing with the truck on their own, perhaps rolling it up an incline while making “motor” sounds. This is called “parallel play,” since the two of you are playing side-by-side but not necessarily together.

A local park or playground is a likely place for your toddler to hear other children at play and begin to learn how to be part of their activities. If a child nearby is playing with a toy, describe what they are doing if they can’t see the other child clearly and help your child do the same with their toy. If the two of them seem comfortable playing with their toys side-by-side, it’s time for you to sit back and watch them.

Let’s Pretend

Older toddlers often begin to use imaginative play—such as pretending to go grocery shopping. For sighted children, the things acted out in pretend play are often based on their experiences and observations. The more experiences your child has at home and in the community, the more they’ll have to draw on when beginning to play with other children.

You can help your child understand and have fun with pretend play by giving some practice. For example, give each of you a role and act out a scene that might be based on one of your storybooks or on an imaginary shopping trip. You might want to play it one way first and then exchange roles with your child playing the grownup and you playing the toddler.

Now, it’s time to build on the level of complexity. Invite a familiar peer to your home to engage in pretend play. After your child is comfortable playing with one friend in the home, you can invite a second child to play, followed by a third. After your child is comfortable playing with a small group of friends, you can increase the complexity by inviting friends to play at a familiar park, followed by an unfamiliar playground, and finally by playing with unfamiliar peers at an unfamiliar park.